Bringing Europe Home

St. Nicholas Day

Yes, Virginia, there was a Saint Nicholas.  Many of you are aware that the popular figure of Santa Claus is based on a real person:  he was Nicholas, bishop of Myra, and he lived during the fourth century in what is now Turkey.  He is the patron saint of cities across Europe and Russia, and he is also the patron saint of children, sailors, and merchants, among others.  Renowned for his kindness, charity, and generosity, he personified the spirit of Christmas.  Stories and legends are still told of his compassion, particularly regarding children, and his feast day, December 6, has traditionally been a day of gift-giving in many European countries.  The website is a wealth of information and resources about St. Nicholas and how he is remembered today.


My family and I had the pleasure of living in a country that celebrated the feast day of this saint.  On December 5, Nicholas Eve, my children cleaned their shoes and set them by the front door.  On the morning of December 6, they were delighted to find their shoes filled with oranges, nuts, small candies, and Nikolaus äpfel (apples which had silhouettes of candles or snowmen faded onto them).

The kind saint also paid a visit to my boys’ German kindergarten.  He asked the children how they had behaved during the year and gave each child a burlap bag filled with the typical fruit, nut, and small candy treats.  (St. Nicholas is a health-conscious kind of guy.)

German families often get a personal visit from St. Nicholas, as well.  Families will gather in preparation and wait for his knock on the door.  Wearing a bishop’s miter (tall pointed hat), long robes, and carrying a crozier (staff) and his golden book, he makes an impressive entrance. St.Nicholas then talks to those present, commending them on their good behavior and reminding them of what they need “to work on.”  Magically, he knows just how each child (and adult!) has been “naughty and nice.”  He distributes gifts and leaves the families to reflect on his words.

Nikolaustag is widely anticipated by children in Germany, and my boys learned to sing the popular song, Lasst uns froh und munter sein, which includes the merry chorus:

Lustig, lustig, tralalalala/Bald ist Nikolausabend da/Bald ist Nikolausabend da

This translates loosely to:

Cheerful, cheerful, tralalalala/Nicholas Eve is almost here/Nicholas Eve is almost here

Nikolaustag is a charming tradition, centered upon the giving and receiving of simple gifts and upon the reflection of our own deeds.



  1.  It is easy enough for children to wipe the mud off of some shoes and set them by the front door.  It is also easy enough for parents to fill those shoes with assorted fruit and candy while their children are in bed.
  2. The spirit of the feast day would be lost, however, if these gifts are not shared and if there is no reflection on behavior.  While it would be rare, indeed, for the good bishop to make a personal visit to our homes here in the U.S.A., he could leave a personal letter to each child or family member.  These notes may have more impact if they are read by a parent at the dinner on St. Nicholas Day.
  3. Help children turn their own chocolate Santa into St. Nicholas.  I used a Lindt version of Santa, which is fashioned like Fr. Christmas and already has the long red robes.  I used the patterns for the miter found on the St. Nicholas Center website—they have patterns for practically every size chocolate Santa.  I happened to find a red foil wine bag in with my stash of gift bags, and that was the perfect material for the miter!  Red foil wrapping paper would also work nicely, and red construction paper would do in a pinch.

How do you celebrate?  Please share your memories and traditions of St. Nicholas Day with us!


  1. Peggy

    You may not want to share our “twisted” celebtation of St. Nick’s feast day, but when my girls were in their teens, I would surprise them with a new pair of shoes (or slippers, even flipflops) to go along with that foil-wrapped Santa. This was before Manola’s heyday, but still pretty commercial. They loved it, tho.

    Great blog!

    • Well, Peggy, I did want to share it, and I think it’s a rather clever way to recognize the feast day of St. Nick. I’m sure your girls remember that tradition fondly. And, I’m glad you like the blog–thanks!

  2. Kay

    We try to continue the St. Nicholas’s Day tradition as our children, now young adults, still hope for a special piece of candy or treat on Dec 6th. Last Friday, I sent my college kids a box of candy, homemade cookies and a Starbuck’s gift card along with a note Happy St. Nick’s Day and good luck on exams! For my one teenager at home we have a special boot that was filled with a family favorite German chocolate, Kinder Schoko-Bons, that I found at a European deli in town. No matter how old we get, these traditions are fun!

    • How wonderful that you continue this St. Nicholas tradition, even as your children grow into young adulthood. It’s true–who wouldn’t enjoy waking up to a little sweet treat or gift card on a day that has been special since childhood. Good for you!

  3. Nice job on miterizing your Lindt Santa, Robin! Richard & I enjoyed a St Nicholas-ish themed service at a Dutch reformed Presbyterian church here in NUC today. The gospel was read in Dutch by none other the Dutch consul general. Wishing you fragrant frolich tanenbaums as you prepare for Christmas 🙂

    • Thanks for your comments, guys! Richard and Elspeth, viel Glück on your tour.
      Mini, I am glad to know that you have fond memories of Nikolaustag.
      Bis Später!

  4. mini

    I remember celebrating Nikolaustag when I was a kid. It was always great fun, and I looked forward to it every year!

    • It’s nice to know that you have fond childhood memories of Nikolastag, Mini!

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